Inference is the act or process of deriving logical conclusions from premises known or assumed to be true. The conclusion drawn is also called an inference.
Human inference (i.e. how humans draw conclusions) is traditionally studied within the field of cognitive psychology; artificial intelligence researchers develop automated inference systems to emulate human inference. Statistical inference allows for inference from quantitative data. Read more …
 in·fer·ence (nfr-ns)
a. The act or process of deriving logical conclusions from premises known or assumed to be true.
b. The act of reasoning from factual knowledge or evidence.
a. Something inferred.
b. Usage Problem A hint or suggestion: The editorial contained an inference of foul play in the awarding of the contract. See Usage Note at infer.
inference [ˈɪnfərəns -frəns]
1. the act or process of inferring
2. an inferred conclusion, deduction, etc.
3. (Philosophy / Logic) any process of reasoning from premises to a conclusion
4. (Philosophy / Logic) Logic the specific mode of reasoning used See also deduction  induction